Antique Japanese Meiji Period Satsuma Vase Hozan

Signed Hozan 宝山

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    Meiji Period (1868-1912) 

    From our Japanese collection, we are pleased to offer this Antique Japanese Meiji Period Satsuma Vase by Hozan. The Satsuma vase of tapered ovoid form with a pinched neck, rolled top rim and splayed foot. The vase with a geometric border around the neck below a gilt rim. The base of the vase decorated with a floral banding and lappets of abstract design. The centre of the vase is extensively decorated with two large landscape scenes featuring multiple figures. One scene features a bustling community with traditional pagoda buildings amongst vast mountainous terrain. The second large scene features a family setting with a landscape scene with parents and children. Nestled between the two larger scenes there are two smaller panels, one with bamboo and birds and the second with iris flowers in bloom. The scenes are all framed by scrolling gilt borders and floral roundels with gilt scrolling backgrounds. The base of the vase is signed with a two character mark for Hozan 宝山. The Satsuma vase dates to the turn of the 20th century during the Meiji Period (1868-1912) circa 1900.

    Hozan (Matsumoto Hozan) 松本 宝山 or 枩本 寳山 was a Kyoto based workshop working in Meiji period through to the Tashio period. Hozan was also a known painter for the Yasuda company producing high quality painted works.

    Meiji Period was an era of Japanese history that spanned from 1868 to 1912. It was the first half of the Empire of Japan, when the Japanese people began to build a paradigm of a modern, industrialised nation state and emergent great power, influenced by Western countries and aesthetics. As a result of radically different ideas, the changes to Japan were profound and it affected the social structure, politics, economy, military, and foreign relations across the board. The period corresponded to the reign of Emperor Meiji and was preceded by the Keio era and was succeeded by the Taisho era.

    Cultural Art during the Meiji Period was of particular interest to the government and they overhauled the art export market which in turn promoted Japanese arts via various world’s fairs, beginning in Vienna at the world fair in 1873. The government heavily funded the fairs and took an active role organising how Japan’s culture was presented to the world including creating a semi-public company named Kiritsu Kosho Kaisha (First Industrial Manufacturing Company). The Kiritsu Kosho Kaisha was used to promote and commercialise exports of Japanese art and established the Hakurankai Jimukyoku (Exhibition Bureau) to maintain quality standards. For the 1876 Centennial International Exhibition in Philadelphia, the Japanese government created a Centennial Office and sent a special envoy to secure space for the 30,000 items that would be displayed. The Imperial Household also took an active interest in arts and crafts, commissioning works by select artists to be given as gifts for foreign dignitaries further emphasising the high quality and importance of Japanese art. Just before the end of the 19th century in 1890, the Teishitsu Gigeiin (Artist to the Imperial Household) system was created to recognise distinguished artists. These artists were selected for their exceptionally high quality wares and talent in their own industry. Over a period of 54 years Seventy artists were appointed, amongst these were ceramicist Makuzu Kozan and cloisonné enamel artist Namikawa Yasuyuki.

    Satsuma ware is a type of earthenware pottery originating from the Satsuma province in Southern Kyushu, Japan’s third largest island.

    Antique a collectable object such as a piece of furniture or work of art that has a high value because of its age and quality. Objects of this nature are generally considered antique at 100 plus years of age.

    Measurements 19cm High x 11cm Diameter ( 7.5 x 4.3 Inches)

    Condition Excellent, no damage and no restoration

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